Steven Donziger with some of the plaintiffs in the case against Chevron.

NEW YORK, May 18 – Over 75 organizations, including international legal organizations and major human rights networks, signed on to an open letter released today in support of environmental lawyer Steven Donziger, who has faced nearly unprecedented sanctions from a U.S. federal judge for his pursuit of Chevron for a judgment against the oil giant over its environmental devastation in the Ecuadorian Amazon. The letter identifies the case as “one of the most important corporate accountability and human rights cases of our time.”

 

In 2011, indigenous plaintiffs in the Ecuadorian Amazon received a $19 billion judgment against Chevron for the actions of its predecessor company, Texaco, which spilled over 17 million gallons of crude oil, dumped over 16 billion gallons of toxic wastewater and left hundreds of open pits throughout the Ecuadorian Amazon. The persecution of Donziger, a lawyer for the indigenous peoples affected, stems directly from Chevron’s attempt to avoid paying the judgment, which was reduced to $9.5 billion in 2013 by the Ecuadorian Supreme Court.

The letter, initiated by the National Lawyers Guild and the International Association of Democratic Lawyers, was also signed by over 400 lawyers and human rights advocates around the world, including Members of the German Bundestag Eva-Maria Schreiber and Margarete Bause, and Member of European Parliament Marie Toussaint of France. The letter urges an end to the unjustified pretrial house arrest of Donziger, noting that “such arbitrary detention sets a dangerous precedent for human rights attorneys in the United States and around the world.” Donziger has refused to turn over confidential client information and privileged data to Chevron.

It also highlights the behavior of Judge Lewis A. Kaplan in the case, noting his pronounced favoritism towards Chevron throughout the progress of the case. Kaplan made public comments about Chevron’s importance to the global economy, expressed skepticism about the Ecuadorian judgment due to what he called the “socialist government” of Rafael Correa and held investments in multiple funds with Chevron holdings at the time of his rulings.

Despite Kaplan’s recommendation that Donziger’s law license be suspended, the Referee John R. Horan for the Supreme Court of the State of New York, Appellate Division, First Department, issued a report and recommended that Donziger’s suspension be lifted, noting that “[t]he extent of his pursuit by Chevron is so extravagant, and at this point so unnecessary and punitive…Assessment of character is not an exact science, but we can all agree that the essential components are honesty, integrity and credibility… Respondent has such character and is essentially working for the public interest, and not against it…”

Further, the letter also highlights the importance of corporate accountability and an end to corporate impunity. Chevron’s aggressive pursuit of Donziger is tied directly to its refusal to take responsibility for the environmental damage caused by its predecessor company, Texaco, to the Ecuadorian Amazon. Over 30,000 indigenous peoples have waited for justice and accountability for many years, and the persecution of Donziger only pushes justice back for those who are the most deeply affected. As the letter notes, “Extractive industries continue to pilfer the earth and the ancestral lands of indigenous peoples without anything to stop them. Frontline human rights defenders are often killed and along with the prosecution for those deaths, the actions of the corporations behind these deaths enjoy impunity.”

Please see the full letter below for the complete list of signatories, including bar associations and lawyers’ networks around the world, environmental justice and indigenous rights organizations, as well as an array of lawyers, human rights advocates, academics and international law experts.

CONTACT: Jeanne Mirer, jmirer@mmsjlaw.com; Natali Segovia, segovia.natali@gmail.com

DOWNLOAD PDF LETTER: English | Spanish

OPEN LETTER DEMANDING AN END TO UNPRECEDENTED HOUSE ARREST OF HUMAN RIGHTS ATTORNEY STEVEN DONZIGER

AND A CALL TO THE INTERNATIONAL HUMAN RIGHTS COMMUNITY TO #MAKECHEVRONCLEANUP

“ALMOST TWENTY YEARS AGO, the United Nations General Assembly adopted by consensus the Declaration on Human Rights Defenders. All governments made the strong commitment to prioritise the security and protection of Human Rights Defenders, recognizing the right of all individuals and organisations to peacefully defend human rights. Yet, the world seems less and less safe for those who stand up for human dignity.” – Michael Forst, UN Special Rapporteur on the situation of human rights defenders[1]

As members of the international legal community, including human rights, environmental rights, and indigenous peoples’ rights organizations, we must protect human rights defenders.  We are outraged by the attack on the rule of law evidenced in the arbitrary detention of human rights attorney, Steven Donziger. Thanks to corporate-friendly federal Judge Lewis A. Kaplan, who openly stated his pro-corporate bias in a case involving a multinational corporation,[2] a dangerous precedent is being set chilling legal representation. In the “Land of the Free,” Donziger has now spent more than 9 months under unprecedented house arrest in retaliation for his work on behalf of indigenous people of the Ecuadorian Amazon against oil giant, Chevron, in one of the most important corporate accountability and human rights cases of our time.

In 1993, U.S. human rights attorney, Steven Donziger, became part of the legal team for 30,000 indigenous peoples and affected campesinos in the Ecuadorian Amazon seeking justice from the environmental damage and ongoing health crisis caused by oil company Texaco, for deliberately polluting the Amazon Rainforest. From 1964 to 1990, Texaco dumped over 16 billion gallons of toxic wastewater, spilled more than 17 million gallons of crude oil and left hundreds of open pits with hazardous waste in the forest floor. In 2000, Chevron purchased Texaco along with everything that came with it – including liability for the destruction Texaco had caused in Ecuador’s Lago Agrio region. The Cofan people, among other indigenous groups and rural communities that call the Amazon home, have suffered intense environmental and health ramifications of “Chevron’s cost of doing business,” including lack of potable water, displacement from ancestral lands, irreparable loss of culture, and severe health concerns, including heightened mortality rates due to birth defects and widespread incidence of cancer.

In 2011, after nearly two decades of litigation in Ecuador—where Chevron executives had hoped they would win—Chevron was found guilty and ordered to pay $19 billion in damages and for cleanup. In 2013, Chevron appealed to the Ecuadorian Supreme Court, who upheld the previous judgment and ordered Chevron to pay a reduced $9.5 billion to clean up. Despite knowing that the money from the judgment would be used for environmental repair, not individual indemnifications, Chevron—one of the world’s largest corporations with over $260 billion in assets—sold its assets in Ecuador and fled the country. In the US, it began a counter-offensive strategy, threatening human rights lawyers and the indigenous plaintiffs with a “lifetime of litigation.”[3]

To date, by some estimates, Chevron has spent nearly $2 billion in a massive legal and defamatory propaganda campaign aimed at taking down Steven Donziger and finding work-arounds to the Ecuadorian judgment. At the unorthodox suggestion of Judge Kaplan, in 2011, Chevron filed a RICO complaint against Donziger and two Ecuadorian attorneys, claiming that the judgment obtained after 10-years of litigation before three levels of Ecuadorian courts was the product of fraud and extortion.

In 2014, after the prolonged RICO trial aimed at weakening Donziger and Amazonian plaintiffs’ resolve, Judge Kaplan, who has made public comments about Chevron’s importance in the global economy, [4] ruled in favor of the oil giant.[5] At the time of his decision, Judge Kaplan had undisclosed financial ties to Chevron that would have provided grounds for Ecuadorian plaintiffs and Donziger to seek his recusal.[6]

In Kaplan’s RICO decision, despite having previously ignored the basic principle of international comity (respect among nations for each other’s legal systems) when he attempted to prohibit enforcement of the Ecuadorian judgment against Chevron in any nation[7]—an injunction that was ultimately vacated by the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit in 2011—Kaplan found a new way to circumvent the enforcement issue. The RICO order, though explicitly allowing enforcement in other countries, imposes a constructive trust where any funds that might be collected on the judgment outside the U.S. would have to be held in trust for Chevron. More recently, Kaplan held that this constructive trust also blocks the Ecuadorian plaintiffs from raising any money to pay for the supposedly allowed foreign enforcement actions.

Extraordinarily, after some progress was made in other countries to enforce the judgment with Donziger’s help, Judge Kaplan allowed Chevron to initiate a costly and intrusive document discovery process against Donziger and others associated with the Ecuadorian plaintiffs. Kaplan required Donziger to turn over his client communications to Chevron from over two decades of work, meaning that Chevron would gain backdoor access to information they could not obtain legally through the discovery process, including conversations regarding litigation strategy, among other things, of all those involved in the human rights case, thus infringing upon one of the most time-honored privileges: that of an attorney and his clients.

Donziger objected to Kaplan’s orders and filed an appeal. When Kaplan demanded that Donziger nonetheless produce the privileged information while the appeal was pending, Donziger refused on principle and openly stated he was willing to be held in civil contempt of court if necessary. Kaplan did hold him in civil contempt—and then, in July 2019, increased the pressure by drafting extraordinary criminal contempt charges against Donziger. Kaplan referred the case to the U.S. Attorney’s Office for the Southern District of New York, which declined to prosecute. Undeterred, Kaplan took it upon himself to appoint a private law firm, Seward & Kissel (a firm with known ties to Chevron and Chevron-related entities),[8] to prosecute Donziger despite their conflict of interest.

Judge Kaplan also bypassed the random case assignment process and handpicked Judge Loretta Preska to oversee the prosecution.

Quickly continuing the process marked by disproportionate harshness, Judge Preska remanded Donziger to home detention along with the seizure of his passport, and required an $800,000 bond as conditions of his pretrial release. Preska found that even though Donziger has a family and deep ties to New York, the “risk” that he would flee the country and try to live out his life in exile was so great that he had to be confined to his home. Donziger faces a maximum penalty of 6 months imprisonment from criminal contempt, but has already “served” nine months of pretrial home detention.

Donziger was also referred to the New York bar, requesting his law license be suspended based on the claim that he was an “immediate threat to the public interest.” Donziger’s law license was suspended for 18 months before he was afforded a modicum of due process and finally provided a hearing. On February 24, 2020, in an important moment for Donziger’s case, Referee John R. Horan for the Supreme Court of the State of New York, Appellate Division, First Department, issued a report and recommended that Donziger’s “interim [bar license] suspension should be ended and that he should be allowed to resume the practice of law.” Horan, a former Assistant U.S. Attorney, added, “[t]he extent of his pursuit by Chevron is so extravagant, and at this point so unnecessary and punitive, while not a factor in my recommendation, is nonetheless background to it… Assessment of character is not an exact science, but we can all agree that the essential components are honesty, integrity and credibility… Respondent has such character and is essentially working for the public interest, and not against it… If his interest in earning a large fee makes his character suspect, the entire bar is suspect.”[9]

This fight is not just about the money and it’s not just about Donziger. It is about accountability and the very bedrock of the rule of law – that no one, no matter how powerful – is above the law. Yet, as Donziger himself has stated, “Chevron is trying to kill off the idea that impoverished indigenous groups and lawyers can pool their talents and resources like we have to take on Big Oil and be successful.”[10] If Chevron prevails, it will reaffirm the status quo – that a multinational corporation can defy national and international law with impunity.

When human rights defenders are attacked, it is democracy itself that suffers. In many countries, commitment to environmental activism such as Steven Donziger’s often results in death. A recent report by Front Line Defenders reveals that in 2019, over 300 human rights defenders were killed in 31 countries, with over two-thirds killed in Latin America, where impunity from prosecution is the norm. Forty percent of those killed fought for land rights, indigenous peoples, and environmental justice.[11] The report details the physical assault, defamation campaigns, digital security threats, judicial harassment and attacks faced by human rights defenders across the world. We cannot allow the rule of law to be upended by corporate interests and a highly biased federal judge seeking to destroy the willpower of one lawyer who has already withstood decades of brutal litigation and scathing personal and professional attacks.

We, the undersigned, call upon the members of the international legal community, human rights, environmental rights, and indigenous peoples’ rights organizations, including those in the United States and abroad, to stand in solidarity with Steven Donziger and the 30,000 indigenous peoples of the Ecuadorian Amazon, and hereby DEMAND:

  • #FreeDonziger – We demand an immediate end to the unjustified pretrial house arrest of human rights attorney Steven Donziger which is nearing 10 months as a result of a violation of due process.

As stated above, such arbitrary detention sets a dangerous precedent for human rights attorneys in the United States and around the world.

  • #InvestigateKaplan – Judge Lewis A. Kaplan undermined the judiciary, lacking impartiality and refusing to recuse himself in a case where he repeatedly displayed a clear bias towards one of the parties, thus violating basic notions of fairness in the judicial process that lie at the core of the rule of law.

By no means exhaustive, this letter has detailed only some of the overtly biased actions taken and statements made by Judge Kaplan that betray the ethical duty of an impartial judge. It is no surprise that the principles of independence and impartiality of the judiciary enjoy universal allegiance in U.S. law and in the ratified human rights instruments incorporated into United States domestic law through Article 6 section 2 of the U.S. Constitution.  The right to a fair trial by an impartial tribunal is one of the most basic human rights guarantees.[12] In 1995, the Special Rapporteur of the Commission on Human Rights considered judicial independence and impartiality to form part of the “general principles of law recognised by civilised nations.”[13]

Judge Kaplan’s actions have violated the integrity of the U.S. federal judiciary, called into question his apparent lack of compliance with his ethical duties as defined by the Code of Judicial Conduct, and therefore, the Department of Justice along with the United States Senate and House Judiciary Committees should take action and investigate Kaplan’s role in this case, as well as level sanctions for abuse of judicial power and any other appropriate claims, including immediate removal and dismissal of all claims against Donziger.[14]

  • #MakeChevronCleanUp – We demand Corporate Accountability, not Corporate Impunity for the environmental damages caused to the Ecuadorian Amazon and over 30,000 indigenous peoples that have waited long enough for justice.

Starting with the reign of the United Fruit Company in Latin America, the impact of multinational corporations worldwide is nothing new. Extractive industries continue to pilfer the earth and the ancestral lands of indigenous peoples without anything to stop them. Frontline human rights defenders are often killed and along with the prosecution for those deaths, the actions of the corporations behind these deaths enjoy impunity.

As Victoria Tauli-Corpus, UN Special Rapporteur on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples has said, “[t]he killings make news, but hidden behind these headlines is something even more insidious: the silencing of entire communities.”

The 30,000 indigenous peoples and affected campesinos of the Ecuadorian Amazon and their allies worldwide will not be silenced.[15]

Sincerely,

International Association of Democratic Lawyers

National Lawyers Guild International Committee

Organizational Endorsements

  1. A Legacy of Equality, Leadership and Organizing (LELO)
  2. Acción Jurídica Popular
  3. Alliance for Global Justice
  4. Amazon Watch
  5. Asociación Americana de Juristas (AAJ)
  6. Asociacion Americana de Juristas Rama Colombia
  7. Asociación Civil NACE UN DERECHO
  8. Asociación Interamericana para la Defensa del Ambiente, AIDA
  9. Asociación Nacional de Abogados Democráticos (ANAD)
  10. Australian Fair Trade and Investment Network
  11. Camino Común: Solidarity International
  12. Canadian Buddhist Civil Liberties Association
  13. Caribbean Institute for Human Rights
  14. Central Arizona National Lawyers Guild
  15. Civil Liberties Defense Center
  16. Climate Defense Project
  17. Climate Hawks Vote
  18. Colegio de Abogados y Abogadas de Puerto Rico
  19. Colombia Support Network
  20. Comitê Carioca de Solidariedade a Cuba – Brasil
  21. Comité Internacional Paz, Justicia y Dignidad a los Pueblos
  22. Community Services Unlimited Inc.
  23. Consejo Consultivo AAJPR
  24. Defending Rights & Dissent
  25. Divest, Invest, Protect
  26. Earth Care Not Warfare
  27. Environmental Investigation Agency
  28. Environmental Justice Initiative
  29. Fair Shake Environmental Legal Services
  30. Frente de Defensa de la Amazonia – FDA
  31. Gravity human rights podcast
  32. Harvard Law School National Lawyers Guild
  33. Hawai’i Institute for Human Rights
  34. Indigenous Peoples Human Right Defenders and Corporate Accountability Program
  35. Indigenous Peoples Law and Policy Program, University of Arizona
  36. International Commission for Labor Rights
  37. International Observatory for Lawyers in Danger
  38. International-Lawyers.Org
  39. KUPS Student Radio
  40. Labor & Employment Committee of the National Lawyers Guild
  41. Latinos Unidos por el Futuro
  42. Law Union of Ontario
  43. MADRE
  44. Maurice & Jane Sugar Law Center for Economic and Social Justice
  45. Monitoring Committee on Attacks on Lawyers, International Association of People’s Lawyers (IAPL)
  46. Movimiento Ecologista Ecuatoriano
  47. National Association of Democratic Lawyers of South Africa (NADEL)
  48. National Lawyers Guild (DC Chapter)
  49. NLG Task Force on the Americas
  50. NorCal Resist
  51. Nouvelles Alternative pour le Développement Durable en Afrique
  52. ÖHD (Association of Lawyers for Freedom)
  53. Olympia Movement for Justice and Peace
  54. Pachamama Alliance
  55. Palestine Legal
  56. Pan Left Productions Media Collective
  57. Paris Bar, France
  58. Parlamento De Las Nacionalidades Indigenas De La Amazonia Ecuatoriana (PARNIAE.)
  59. Peace of the Green Forest
  60. Popular Resistance
  61. Progressive Lawyers Association (CHD), Turkey
  62. Rainforest Action Network
  63. Red Solidaria Década Contra la Impunidad AC, México
  64. Samidoun Palestinian Prisoner Solidarity Network
  65. Seattle Anti-War Coalition
  66. org
  67. Sugar Law Center for Economic & Social Justice
  68. The Arrested Lawyers Initiative
  69. Trial Guides
  70. Ukrainian Association of Democratic Lawyers
  71. UMLaw NLG Student Chapter
  72. United Electrical, Radio & Machine Workers of America (UE)
  73. Water Protector Legal Collective
  74. Whatcom Civil Rights Project
  75. Alerta Temprana Red (AT-R):

Liga Mexicana por la Defensa de los Derechos Humanos A.C. (LIMEDDH); Liga Mexicana por la Defensa de los Derechos Humanos, A.C. Filial Oaxaca (LIMEDDH-Oax); Asociación de Familiares de Detenidos Desaparecidos y Víctimas de Violaciones a los Derechos Humanos en México (AFADEM FEDEFAM); Red Universitaria de Monitores de Derechos Humanos (RUMODH); Asociación de Derechos Humanos del Estado de México (ADHEM); Fundación Diego Lucero, A.C. (FDL); Foro Permanente de Mujeres Iztacalco, A.C. (FPM-I); Consejo Federal Ejecutivo Nacional e Internacional del Frente Mexicano Pro Derechos Humanos, A.C. (FREMEXDEHU); Asociación Nacional de Abogados Democráticos, A.C. (ANAD); Comité de Familiares de Personas Desaparecidas en México, Alzando Voces, (COFADDEM); Centro de Estudios para los Derechos Humanos y la Justicia Ambiental “YURENI”, A.C. (CEPDHJA); Actuar Familiares contra la Tortura, (AFT); Centro de Derechos Humanos Coordinadora 28 de Mayo, A.C. (CDH C-28 M); Centro de Derechos Humanos “Antonio Esteban”, A.C. (CDHAE); Asociación Canadiense por el Derecho y la Verdad (ENVERO); Frente Mexiquense en Defensa para una Vivienda Digna, A.C. (FMDVD); Centro de Derechos Humanos de Base “Digna Ochoa”, A.C. (CDHBDO); Red Solidaria Década contra la Impunidad, A.C. (RSDI); Centro de Derechos Humanos Ku’untik (CDHK); Asociación Mexicana de Abogados del Pueblo (AMAP); Asamblea Vecinal Nos Queremos Vivas Neza (AVNQVN); Comité de Defensa de Derechos Humanos “Cholollan” (CDHC); Mujeres Guerrerenses por la Democracia, A.C. (MGD); Aliadas por la Justicia, A.C. (AxJ); Desarrollo Humano Internacional, A.C. (DHI); Comunidad Raíz Zubia, A.C. (CRZ); Zihuame Xotlametzin, A.C. (ZX); Asociación Guerrerense Contra la Violencia Hacia las Mujeres, A.C. (AGCVIM, A.C.)

  1. Observatorio de Derechos Humanos de los Pueblos

Integrantes del Consejo Consultivo:

Argentina Adolfo Pérez Esquivel Premio Nobel de la Paz, Stella Calloni Corresponsal de la Jornada en Buenos Aires; Colombia Dra. Piedad Esneda Córdoba Ruiz Senadora y Defensora de Derechos Humanos y Coordinadora Internacional del Observatorio de Derechos Humanos de los Pueblos. Vocera de colombianas y colombianos por la Paz, Camilo González Posso Presidente de INDEPAZ, Dr. Mario Hernández Álvarez Coordinador Doctorado Interfacultades en Salud Pública Universidad Nacional de Colombia; España Ana Andrés Ablanedo Defensora de Derechos Humanos de Soldepaz Pachakuti, Ricardo Sanchez Andrés miembro de la junta de la (ACP) Asociación Catalana por la Paz – miembro de la Asamblea de Internacional de (Comunistes de Catalunya) y miembro permanente del consejo de Solidaridad de la Ciudad de Manresa, María Victoria Fernández Molina Candidata a Doctora en Derechos Humanos, Estados Unidos James Patrick Jordan Coordinador Nacional de la Alianza por la Justicia Global y Eduardo García de la Alianza por la Justicia Global, Devora González Coordinadora Nacional de SOA Watch – Observatorio por el Cierre de las Escuela de la Américas e integrantes del Observatorio de Derechos Humanos de los Pueblos capítulo Estados Unidos; Suiza José Manuel González López  y Gerardo Romero Luna de la Red Latinoamericana de Zurich integrantes del Observatorio de Derechos Humanos de los Pueblos capítulo Suiza; Venezuela Héctor Orlando Zambrano Diputado de la Asamblea Nacional del Poder Popular de la República Bolivariana  de Venezuela y Miembro de la Coordinación Nacional de la Corriente Revolucionaria Bolivar y Zamora, Nieves Hugo Alberto Integrante de la Comisión Política de la Corriente Revolucionaria Bolivar y Zamora – CRBZ, Indhira Libertad Rodríguez Red de Colectivos La Araña Feminista, José Miguel Gómez García Movimiento Internacional de la Economía de los Trabajadores; Ecuador Abg. Franklin Columba Cuji Dirigente Nacional y Coordinador de Asuntos Políticos del FENOCIN; Bolivia Rodolfo Machaca Yupanqui Strio. General de Confederación Sindical Única De Trabajadores Campesinos de Bolivia (CSUTCB); Palestina Jamal Juma Coordinador STOP The WALL; Guatemala Ana Laura Rojas Padgett Red de Integración Orgánica – RIO – por la Defensa de la Madre Tierra y los Derechos Humanos; Uruguay Anahit Aharonian Kharputlian Ingeniera Agrónoma y Docente Comisión Multisectorial de Uruguay; Panamá Ligia Arreaga Integrante de la Alianza por un mejor Darién – AMEDAR; Brasil Gizele Martins do Movimiento de Favelas do Rio de Janeiro; Perú Carlos Romainville Vásquez Coordinador General del Movimiento Alfa y Omega; Uruguay Anahit Aharonian Kharputlian Ingeniera Agrónoma y Docente Comisión Multisectorial del Uruguay; México Eduardo Correa Senior Profesor de la Universidad Autónoma de la Ciudad de México – UACM, Dr. José Enrique González Ruiz Profesor de la Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México – UNAM, Dr. José Rafael Grijalva Eternod Doctor en Derechos Humanos, Dr. Felix  Hoyo Arana Profesor de la Universidad Autónoma de Chapingo; Dr. John Mill Ackerman Rose, Daniela González López Coordinadora Internacional del Observatorio de Derechos Humanos de los Pueblos, Soledad Ortiz Vásquez CODEM, Patrocinio Martínez López CODEM, Claudia Tapia Nolasco CODEM, Artemio Ortiz Hurtado CEND – SNTE, Sergio Espinal CEND – SNTE; Prof. Antonio Castro López Secretario General del CEND – SNTE, Prof. Miguel Guerra Castillo Secretario General del CEND – SNTE, Prof. Alejandro Trujillo González, Secretario General del CEND – SNTE, Prof. Eugenio Rodríguez Cornejo CEND – SNTE, Prof. Jerónimo Sánchez Sáenz CEND – SNTE, Roberto Palma Juárez ONPP – Morelos, Arquitecto José Márquez Pérez Presidente del Patronato Pro Defensa y Conservación del Patrimonio Cultural y Natural de Oaxaca PRO – OAX y Lic. Hugo Aguilar Promotor y Defensor de Derechos Indígenas.

Organizaciones integrantes:

Observatorio de Derechos Humanos de los Pueblos; Soldepaz – Pachakuti de España; Red Latinoamericana de Zurich de Suiza; Alianza por la Justicia Global, SOA Watch – Observatorio por el Cierre de las Escuela de la Américas de Estados Unidos; Red de Colectivos La Araña Feminista de Venezuela, Corriente Revolucionaria Bolívar y Zamora de Venezuela, Movimiento Internacional de la Economía de los Trabajadores de Venezuela; Red de Integración Orgánica – Rio – Por la Defensa de la Madre Tierra y los Derechos Humanos de Guatemala; Comisión Multisectorial del Uruguay; Confederación Nacional de Organizaciones Campesinas, Indígenas y Negras (FENOCIN) de Ecuador; Confederación Sindical Única De Trabajadores Campesinos de Bolivia (CSUTCB); Comisión Multisectorial del Uruguay; Alianza por un mejor Darién – AMEDAR de Panamá; Movimiento Alfa y Omega de Perú; Observatorio de Derechos Humanos de los Pueblos capítulo Estados Unidos y Suiza; Movimiento de Favelas de Rio Janeiro de Brasil, Campaña Popular Palestina contra el Muro de Apartheid (Stop the Wall) Palestina, Unión Palestina Campesina (Palestinian Farmers Union), Coalición de la Defensa de la Tierra Palestina, Tala´at- Movimiento Político Feminista Palestino; Movimiento Nacional del Poder Popular – México (MNPP); Movimiento Nacional del Poder Popular Zacatecas (MNPP – Zacatecas); Movimiento del Magisterio Democrático Nacional, Comité Ejecutivo Nacional Democrático del Sindicato Nacional de Trabajadores de la Educación en Lucha (CEND del SNTE en Lucha); Frente de Pueblos en Defensa de la Tierra en San Salvador Atenco (FPDT-Atenco); Comité de Defensa de los Derechos de la Mujer (CODEM); Contingentes del Comité Ejecutivo Nacional Democrático del SNTE en Lucha (CEND SNTE en Lucha), Congreso Nacional de Bases, Movimiento del Magisterio Democrático Nacional: Sección III de Baja California Sur;  Sección V de Campeche; Sección X de la Ciudad de México; Sección XIII y XLV de Guanajuato; Sección XIV de Guerrero; Sección XV de Hidalgo; Movimiento Magisterial Jalisciense, Secciones XVI y XLVII de Jalisco; Sección XVIII de Michoacán; Movimiento Magisterial de Bases, Sección XIX de Morelos; Consejo Democrático Magisterial Poblano, Secciones XXIII y LI de Puebla; Movimiento Magisterial de Bases de Querétaro, Sección XXIV de Querétaro; Bases Magisteriales Democráticas de Quintana Roo, Sección XXV de Q. Roo; Bases Magisteriales de Tabasco, Sección XXIX de Tabasco, Trabajadores del Colegio de Bachilleres de Tabasco; Comité Estatal Democrático, Sección XXXII y LVI de Veracruz; Sección XXXVI del Valle de México; Consejo Nacional de Sistematización; Escuelas Integrales de Educación Básica de Michoacán; Colectivo Pedagógico “Francisco Javier Acuña Hernández”; Promotora del Poder Popular de Michoacán; Caja Popular de Ahorro “Emiliano Zapata”; Colectivo de Estudios “Ricardo Flores Magón”; Movimiento de Unidad Social por un Gobierno del Pueblo (MUSOC-GP) Michoacán); Coalición de Jubilados y Pensionados “Elpidio Domínguez Castro”; Talleres Comunitarios del Municipio de Nezahualcóyotl, estado de México; Barzón Federación: Estado de México, Querétaro, Morelos, Veracruz, Guerrero y Distrito Federal; Coalición Nacional de Cooperativas y Empresas Sociales (CONACyES); Organización Nacional del Poder Popular (ONPP); Organización Nacional del Poder Popular de Morelos (ONPP-MORELOS); Organización Nacional del Poder Popular del D. F.; Asamblea Permanente de los Pueblos de Morelos, Instituto Mexicano de Desarrollo Comunitario (IMDEC); Centro de Atención en Derechos Humanos a la Mujer y el Menor Indígena (CADHMMI); Centro Regional Indígena en Derechos Humanos “Ñuu-Savi” (CERIDH); Movimiento Urbano Popular (MUP); Colectivo de Mejoramiento Barrial de la Ciudad de México – Centro Cultural Las Jarillas; Los Solidarios de la Voz del Amate de Chiapas; Colectiva Casa Gandhi de Chiapas; Red de Migrantes – Red Sin Fronteras de Puebla; Comunidad Indígena de San Francisco Xochicuautla; Organización Proletaria Emiliano Zapata – Frente de Organizaciones Sociales de Chiapas  (OPEZ – FOSICH); Comité de Defensa de los Derechos del Pueblo de Morelos CODEP – MORELOS, y Colectivo Reexistencia Creativa.

Individual Endorsements

  1. Adam Moerder, Los Angeles, USA
  2. Aidil Oscariz, Miami
  3. Alan Herzfeld, National Lawyers Guild, Boise, USA
  4. Alan W. Clarke, Professor, Utah Valley University, Minnedosa, Manitoba, Canada
  5. Alex Landon, National Lawyers Guild, San Diego
  6. Alma Clissmann, Human Rights Committee, Law Society of Ireland, Dublin, Ireland
  7. Amy Rayack Tabor, Attleboro, MA, USA
  8. Andrea Acurio, PhD Genetics, Galapagos, Ecuador
  9. Andrew B. Reid, Adjunct Professor and Human Rights Lawyer, Boulder, Colorado USA
  10. Andrew Barsom, Durham, NC
  11. Andrew Fischer, Brookline MA
  12. Andrew MacCallum, Edinburgh, Scotland
  13. Andrew Sherman, Lawyer, Pittsburgh, PA, USA
  14. Angela B. Cornell, Cornell University Law School, Ithaca, New York, U.S.A.
  15. Ann Fawcett Ambia, Esq., Brooklyn
  16. Ann Schneider, NYC
  17. Anna Gavrilis Stran, Lancaster
  18. Anna Nathanson, President, Harvard Law School National Lawyers Guild, Cambridge, MA
  19. Anne Kaufman, Boston MA USA
  20. Anthony DiPietro, Law Office of Anthony T. DiPietro, P.C., New York, USA
  21. Antonia Killebrew, Attorney, Las Vegas, USA
  22. Ari Peterson, New York
  23. Arnold Kawano, National Lawyers Guild, Moraga, CA, USA
  24. Arturo Fournier, San Jose, Costa Rica
  25. Ashwini Sukthankar, Rhinecliff, NY
  26. Audrey Bomse, Co-chair NLG’s Palestine Subcommittee, Miami Beach
  27. Barbara Spinelli, Member of ELDH Executive Committee, Bologna
  28. Beinusz Szmukler, Asociación Americana de Juristas, Argentina
  29. Benjamin L. Rundall, Civil Rights Attorney
  30. Bennet D. Zurofsky, Esq., Montclair, New Jersey USA
  31. Bennett M. Cohen, Law Office of Bennett M. Cohen, PC, San Francisco
  32. Beth Brunton, Coordinator, Earth Care Not Warfare, Seattle, United States of America
  33. Beth S. Lyons, Alternate delegate to UN, International Association of Democratic Lawyers, USA
  34. Bethany Spieman, Chatham
  35. Betti Sachs, Ecuador
  36. Betty Capehart, Health Care Justice Activist , Vashon Island, WA
  37. Beverly Borja Fessenden
  38. Bill Montross, National Lawyers Guild, Bethesda, MD USA
  39. Bill Twist, Pachamama Alliance, Co-Founder & CEO, San Francisco, USA
  40. Bill Waddell, Law Office of Bill Waddell, San Diego, CA
  41. Blair Sandler, J.D. From UC Hastings College of the Law, 2011, San Francisco, CA, EEUU
  42. Blanca Suarez San Roman, Mexico
  43. Bokodjin Anoumo Dodji, Nouvelles Alternative pour le Développement Durable en Afrique, Lomé
  44. Bonnie Svardal, Bonnie Svardal, Sequim WA, USA,
  45. Bonnie Tenneriello, National Lawyers Guild, Boston, Massachusetts
  46. Brendan Jowett, Neighbourhood Legal Services, Toronto, Canada
  47. Brenna Bell, Portland, OR
  48. Brenna Torres, Latinos Unidos por el Futuro, New York
  49. Brian Spears, Atlanta
  50. Britt Stern, Alamo, CA
  51. Brittany Frizzelle, UMLaw NLG Student Chapter President, Intergenerational Organizer for Power U, MIAMI
  52. Bruce Ellison, Esq, Rapid City, SD
  53. Bruce Poole, The Poole Law Group, Hagerstown, Md, USA
  54. Bryan G. Smith, Tamaki Law Offices, Yakima, Washington, United States
  55. Bulbul Rajagopal, Journalist, Los Angeles, United States of America
  56. Cade McAllister, Salem, United States of America
  57. Caleb Duda, St Louis, USA
  58. Carissa Cabán, Miami FL
  59. Carmenella Athena Roussos, Attorney at Law, Elk Grove, California USA
  60. Carole and Henry Slucki, Los Angeles
  61. Carole Excell, Attorney-at-law, Rockville, USA
  62. Carole Nervig, Port Townsend, WA USA
  63. Catherine Buchard, France
  64. Ceyda Turan, Lawyer, Toronto
  65. Charles Emig, Harrisburg, USA
  66. Professor Charles Nesson, Harvard Law School
  67. Charlie Holt, Legal Counsel, Greenpeace International, Amsterdam, Netherlands
  68. Charlotte Kates, National Lawyers Guild International Committee
  69. Cheryl Gasdter, LL.B., C. Med, Toronto, Ontario Canada
  70. Christina Avalos, City of Orange, California
  71. Christine Mrak, Seattle WA
  72. Christoph Schwarte, London
  73. Christopher Ames, Melbourne
  74. Christopher Henderson, Houston
  75. Cindy Domingo, Co-chair, WILPF Cuba and the Bolivarian Alliance Issues Committee
  76. Claudia Kuhns, Denver, CO, USA
  77. Claudia Temby, Oakland, USA
  78. Claudia Vicencio, Legal Counsel, Ontario Nurses’ Association, London, Canada
  79. Coco Holbrook, staff attorney, Mental Health Legal Advisors Committee, Boston, MA, USA
  80. Connor McSpadden, Los Angeles, CA USA
  81. Conor Bednarski, Brookyln, New York
  82. Cooper Brinson, attorney
  83. Curtis Doebbler, The Law Office of Dr Curtis FJ Doebbler, Research Professor of Law, University of Makeni (Sierra Leone)
  84. Dan Gilman, Past President of Seattle Chapter, Veterans For Peace, Seattle, WA 98103, U.S.A.
  85. Dan Mayfield, Law Office of Carpenter and Mayfield, San Jose, CA, USA
  86. Dana Iorio, PNHP-WW, HCFA-WA, SEIU 1199 NW, Seattle, USA
  87. Daniel Goodwin, New York, USA
  88. Daniel MacMillan, Boston, USA
  89. Danielle Lucido, Chief Counsel, IFPTE Local 20, Albany, California, US
  90. Darcy Laparra, Los Angeles, United States
  91. David A. Klibaner, Principal, Klibaner Law Firm P.C., Denver, United States
  92. David Charles, Los Angeles, USA
  93. David L. Mandel, Human rights attorney; elected member, Central Committee, California Democratic Party, Sacramento
  94. David McLanahan, MD, Clinical Associate Professor of Surgery Emeritus, University of Washington, School of Medicine, Seattle, Washington
  95. David Olivero, Law Offices of Louis E Olivero, Peru, Illinois USA
  96. Declan Owens, London
  97. Denis Barrette, avocat, Montréal (Québec) Canada
  98. Denise Robb, Pasadena
  99. Dianne Post, Facilitator, Central Arizona National Lawyers Guild, Phoenix, AZ
  100. Divya Babbula, Dallas, Texas, USA
  101. Dominique Attias, Past vice president of Paris Bar and Next President of European Federation of Bars, France
  102. Douglas Sexton, Seattle, United States of America
  103. Dr Gaetan Blaser-Suarez, Geneva, CH
  104. Dr Natalie Jones, Research Associate, University of Cambridge, Cambridge, United Kingdom
  105. Margaretha Wewerinke-Singh, Assistant Professor of Public International Law, Leiden University, The Hague, The Netherlands
  106. Breen Arntz, Chtd., Henderson, NV, United States
  107. Edgardo Roman, President, Colegio de Abogados y Abogadas de Puerto Rico, San Juan, Puerto Rico
  108. Edre Olalia, Incumbent president, National Union of People’s Lawyers; transitional president, International Association of Democratic Lawyers, Philippines
  109. Effiong L. Ntuk, Torino (Italia)
  110. Elizabeth A. Bumer, San Diego, California USA
  111. Elliott Caine, South Pasadena, USA
  112. Emily Joselson, Middlebury, Vermont, USA
  113. Emily Yozell, Justicia para la Naturaleza, Human Rights Attorney, Directive, Costa Rica
  114. Emma Castro, Los Ángeles. USA
  115. Encina Diego, C.A.B.A.
  116. Eric Foley, Lawyer, New Orleans, Louisiana, United States
  117. Erin Sobat, Law student, Toronto, Canada
  118. Ernesto Moreau, Asociación Americana de Juristas, Buenos Aires, Argentina
  119. Eva Golinger, New York, USA
  120. Eva-Maria Schreiber, Member of Parliament (Deutscher Bundestag), Germany
  121. Evan Jacoby, Los Angeles, USA
  122. Evelia Jones, Los Angeles
  123. Evelyn Dürmayer, UN representative, International Association of Democratic Lawyers, Vienna
  124. Fabio Marcelli, Director of the Institute of International Legal Studies of the National Research Council, Rome, Rome
  125. Fatma Demirer, ÖHD (Association of Lawyers for Freedom), Turkey
  126. Fisher Stark, P.A., Asheville
  127. Florence Nishida, Topanga, California, USA
  128. Fred and Harriet Aronow, Ash Grove Film LLC, Los Angeles, CA. USA
  129. Fred B. Blair, Treasurer KPFK Radio Board, Los Angeles, California, USA
  130. Frederic Korn, Seattle, Washington, USA
  131. K. Follett, Cotacachi, Imbabura Ecuador
  132. Gabriel Goffman, DSA SF, Co chair of Ecosocialist, San Francisco, USA
  133. Garrett Wright, Portland, Oregon
  134. Geordan G Logan, Claggett & Sykes Law Firm, Las Vegas, U.S.A.
  135. Gerald M. Stehura, Port Townsend, WA
  136. Gerald Singleton, Esq., Singleton Law Firm, APC, Senior Partner, San Diego
  137. Geraldine Sadoway, Law Union of Ontario, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
  138. Gianfranco FATTORINI, American Association of Jurists Main Representative at UN-Geneva, Geneva, Switzerland
  139. Gilbert Saucedo, Los Angeles
  140. Gilberto Zamora Perez, Nipponzan Myohoji Buddhist Order, monk, Bainbridge Island, Washington
  141. Gill H. Boehringer, Honorary Senior Research Fellow, Macquarie University School of Law, Australia
  142. Gordon Lange, Kihei, HI, USA
  143. Graciela Ramirez Cruz, Comité Internacional Paz, Justicia y Dignidad a los Pueblos
  144. Guadalupe Cortés Altamirano, Ciudad de México
  145. Haley Pollock, JD candidate 2021, Los Angeles
  146. Harrison Emery, Young Democratic Socialist of Reno, Reno Nv, USA
  147. Hasan Tarique Chowdhury, Democratic Lawyers Association of Bangladesh (DLAB), Bangladesh
  148. Henry Wofford, Los Angeles, United States of America
  149. Hernan Rivadeneira, Asociación Americana de Juristas, Quito, Ecuador
  150. Hershl Hartman, Ed. Dir., The Sholem Community, Los Angeles, U.S.A.
  151. Howard Silverman, Newton, MA
  152. Hugh Schmidt, Tacoma, Washington
  153. Huwaida Arraf, Civil Rights Attorney, NLG Palestine Subcommittee Co-chair, Detroit, MI USA
  154. Ibrahim Mark, African Bar Association, Nigeria
  155. Ilene Proctor, CEP Ilene Proctor Public Relations, Beverly Hills
  156. Inge Brauer, Law Office of Inge Brauer, San Diego
  157. Ismael Parra, National Writers Union, SoCal Chairperson, Los Angeles
  158. Jackelyn Mariano, National Lawyers Guild International Committee, Elmhurst, Queens, NY
  159. Jackson Miller, Tallahassee, United States
  160. Jacob Edwards, New Orleans, Louisiana, United States
  161. Jacob Leavitt, Partner, Las Vegas
  162. James Fennerty, National Lawyers Guild, Chicago
  163. James H Williams, Tacoma
  164. James LaRock, Cheyenne, Wyoming
  165. James Lilly, U.S. Citizen, Tucson, U.S.A
  166. James Squire, MD, Seattle, WA, USA
  167. Jamie Cogburn, Cogburn Law, Henderson, Nevada USA
  168. Jamie Trinkle, NLG PDX chapter, Portland OR USA
  169. Jan Fermon, Secretary-General, International Association of Democratic Lawyers, Belgium
  170. Jan Sorders, Vice-Chair, *Americans for Democratic Action of Southern California (for ID only); Nat’l Lawyers Guild, Santa Monica, CA
  171. Jean Darsie, Climate change activist and endorser of the rights of people and the planet., Seattle USA
  172. Jeanne Mirer, President, International Association of Democratic Lawyers; Co-Chair, National Lawyers Guild International Committee
  173. Jeff Buncher, Charleston USA
  174. Jeff Goldstein, Goldstein and Feuer, Cambridge
  175. Jeff Petrucelly, National lawyers Guild, Cambridge MA, USA
  176. Jeff Vogt, Washington DC
  177. Jeffrey Frank, Chicago, USA
  178. Jennifer Jones, PORTLAND, Oregon, USA
  179. Jenny Lee, Owner/Managing Attorney, Jenny Legal, Las Vegas
  180. Jeremiah Chin, Assistant Professor, Phoenix, United States
  181. Jerome P. Wallingford, Attorney at Law, San Diego, California USA
  182. Jesse Reiblich, Williamsburg, VA USA
  183. Jim Lafferty, Fellow, the Institute for the Humanities at the University of Southern California
  184. Joan Andersson, National Lawyers Guild, Berkeley CA USA
  185. Joaquin Medina, Santiago, Chile
  186. Jody C. Moore, Johnson Moore Trial Lawyers, Thousand Oaks
  187. Joel R Kupferman, Environmental Justice Initiative, New York NY
  188. John Greenwalt, Houston, USA
  189. John I. Laun, Attorney at Law, Co-Founder, Colombia Support Network, Middleton, Wisconsin
  190. John Mage, New York, NY United States
  191. John Perkins, Bainbridge Island, WA, USA
  192. John Philpot, attorney, Montréal
  193. John Schietinger, Lawyer, Chicago
  194. John Xydakis, Law Office of John S. Xydakis, River Forest, Illinois
  195. Jon Sternberg, California Nurses association/National Nurses United, berkeley, CA
  196. Jonathan Boud, Communication Workers Union, Middlesex UK
  197. Jordan Winquist, Chair, NLG Environmental Human Rights Committee
  198. Joseph Lipofsky, New York City, NY US
  199. Josh Kohman
  200. Josh Zinner, New York
  201. Joshua Cooper, Executive Director, Hawai’i Institute for Human Rights, Honolulu
  202. Judy Alter, member, USA
  203. Judy Somberg, Chair, NLG Task Force on the Americas, Cambridge, MA, USA
  204. Julia Buck, Ecosocialist Caucus, Seattle DSA, Seattle, WA
  205. Julie Herrera, Law Office of Julie O. Herrera, Chicago, United States
  206. Jun Sasamoto, Japan Lawyers International Solidarity Association (JALISA); Confederation of Lawyers of Asia and the Pacific (COLAP), Japan
  207. Junga Subedar, Whatcom Civil Rights Project, Bellingham, WA
  208. Dean Hubbard, Jr., Chair, Labor & Employment Committee of the National Lawyers Guild (USA), Stamford, USA
  209. Karen Jo Koonan, National Lawyers Guild, San Francisco, CA USA
  210. Karen Resch, Rocklin, California, USA
  211. Katarina Abraham, Director, Portobello Media Ltd, London
  212. Katherine Lippel, University of Ottawa, Ottawa, Canada
  213. Kathleen Christison, Santa Fe, NM, US
  214. Kathy Hessler, Lewis & Clark Law School, Clinical Law Professor, Portland, Oregon USA
  215. Kelly Ledoux, Licensed Attorney and LL.M. Candidate in International Human Rights Law at the Irish Centre for Human Rights, Galway, Ireland
  216. Ken Montenegro, Queens, New York
  217. Kenneth Hall, Las Vegas United States of America
  218. Kenneth S. McEwan, Poulsbo, Washington USA
  219. Kevin Daly, Falkirk
  220. Kevin Zeese, co-director, Popular Resistance, Baltimore
  221. Kiera Griffith, San Francisco, USA
  222. Kiman A. Lucas, Bainbridge Island
  223. Krish Govender, National Association of Democratic Lawyers of South Africa (NADEL), South Africa
  224. Kristin Mitchell, LCSW, Licensed Clinical Social Worker, Middlebury Vermont
  225. Larry Redmond, Co-chair of the International committee of the national lawyers guild, Chicago
  226. Laura Arroyo, Miami, USA
  227. Lauren Regan, attorney, Civil Liberties Defense Center
  228. Law Firm of Sonia Perez Chaisson, Sonia Chaisson, Owner, Los Angeles
  229. Lawrence A. Hildes,, NLG, Bellingham, WA
  230. Lawrence Lessig, Harvard Law School, Cambridge
  231. Lennox Hinds, Professor Emeritus of Criminal Justice, Rutgers University, USA
  232. Les Wallerstein, Lexington / USA
  233. Lillian Laskin, Los Angeles, CA
  234. Linda and Michael Gard, Fernandina Beach, Fl
  235. Linda Piera-Avila, Santa Monica
  236. Loren Miller, San Diego, USA
  237. Lori Deutsch, Dr. Lori Deutsch Wellness, Los Angeles, CA, USA
  238. Lori Harreman, Lawyer, Ottawa, Canada
  239. Lorraine Fontana, Atlanta
  240. Lou & Joan Truskoff, Earth Care Not Warfare, Seattle, USA
  241. Louis Duissan, Asociacion Americana de Juristas Rama Colombia, Bogota Colombia,
  242. Louise Lipman, Faculty Gerry Spence Trial Lawyers College, New York City
  243. Lourdes Garcia, Teamsters Local 572, Carson, California
  244. Lourdes Zariñana Nava, Ciudad de México, México
  245. Luís Carlos Moro, American Association of Jurists, São Paulo
  246. Luis Yanza, Quito, Ecuador
  247. Luke Laughlin, Attorney at Law, Olympia, US
  248. Lynne Twist, President, The Soul of Money Institute, San Francisco
  249. M Schoenbaum, Woodside, NY
  250. Imran Kalmati, Kalmati Law Association, Karachi, Pakistan
  251. Mac Parsons, Chicago
  252. Marc Schauer, Brooklyn, NY
  253. Marcella Ribeiro d’Avila Lins Torres, Asociación Interamericana para la Defensa del Ambiente, AIDA, Recife, Brazil
  254. Margarete Bause, German Bundestag, Munich, Germany
  255. Margo Munro Kerr, Haldane Society of Socialist Lawyers, London
  256. María Cecilia Herrera, Human Rights Lawyer, Guayaquil
  257. Maria Madalena Marques dos Santos, President, Portuguese Association of Democratic Jurists, Lisbon, Portugal
  258. Marianne Dugan, attorney, Civil Liberties Defense Center
  259. Marie Toussaint, Green Member of the European Parliament, founder of the French NGO Notre affaire à tous, Paris, France
  260. Marie-Claude St-Amant, Human and Labour Rights Lawyer, Montreal, Canada
  261. Marjorie Cohn, National Lawyers Guild, International Association of Democratic Lawyers, San Diego
  262. Mark Conway, Chicago United States
  263. Mark S. Brodin, Boston College Law School, Newton, MA USA
  264. Mark Stern, National Lawyers Guild
  265. Martha L Schmidt, National Lawyers Guild, Bothell, Washington, USA
  266. Martha Morgan, Cottondale, Alabama, USA
  267. Martin Almada, Asociación Americana de Juristas, Asuncion, Paraguay
  268. Marty Garbus, attorney, New York
  269. Mary Hanson, Chair, Seattle FOR, Seattle WA USA
  270. Marzieh Shahed, Associate Attorney, San Francisco
  271. Mason Taylor, Seattle, USA
  272. Matthew Dodd, Dodd Law Firm, P.C., Big Sky, MT
  273. Matthieu Smyth, France
  274. Maureen Cruise RN, Pacific Palisades, California USA
  275. Maximiliano Garcez, Brazil
  276. Maya Thomas-Davis, Haldane Society of Socialist Lawyers, UK
  277. Michael D. Cok, CokKinzler PLLP, Bozeman Mt. USA,
  278. Michael deYcaza, Honolulu,USA
  279. Michael Drake, UIC JMLS NLG, Chicago
  280. Michael Gillis, Gillis & Bikofsky, P.C., Newton, MA
  281. Michael Kaufman, Communities for a Better Environment, Oakland, CA, USA
  282. Michael S. Sorgen, Esq., International Association of Democratic Lawyers, National Lawyers Guild, International Association of Democratic Lawyers, Berkeley CA USA
  283. Michael Steven Smith, Cohost Law And Disorder Radio, New York City
  284. Michael Ward, Barnard
  285. Michelle Newman, New York
  286. Muhammad Masaud Ghani, Democratic Lawyers Association of Pakistan, Pakistan
  287. Mvuso Notyesi, President, National Association of Democratic Lawyers of South Africa (NADEL), South Africa
  288. Myla Reson, Santa Monica, California, U.S.A.
  289. Myrna Santiago, Saint Mary’s College of California, El Cerrito
  290. Nancy Alisberg, West Hartford, USA
  291. Nanette Kripke, NLG, NYC
  292. Natali Segovia, Human Rights Attorney & Chair, NLG Indigenous Peoples’ Rights Committee
  293. Natalie Csengeri, Barrister, London, UK
  294. Natasha Lycia Ora Bannan, National Lawyers Guild, past President, New York
  295. Nathaniel Damren, Supervising Attorney, Brooklyn Defender Services, Brooklyn, New York, USA
  296. Nathifa Nanyamka, Flower Mound
  297. Nelson and Jennifer Ho, Hilo, HI
  298. Nergiz Tuba Aslan, Secretary-General, Progressive Lawyers Association (CHD), Turkey
  299. Nicholas Rennis, Anacortes, USA
  300. Nicholas Vachel Williams, UNC Law Student, Albertson, North Carolina
  301. Niloufer Bhagwat, Vice President, Indian Association of Lawyers, Mumbai
  302. Noah Meister, National Lawyer Guild – Western New England University, Worcester
  303. Noémie Robert, Paris
  304. Nora Segovia, Peace of the Green Forest
  305. Noreen Parks, Port Townsend
  306. Norman Stein, Professor, Kline School of Law, Drexel University, Philadelphia, PA
  307. Olivia Tattarletti, Lawyer, London, United Kingdom
  308. Olivier Cousi, Bâtonnier de Paris, President of the Paris Bar
  309. Oriel Varga, Toronto, Canada
  310. Osamu Niikura, emeritus at Aoyama Gakuin University, Japan  Vice President of JALISA, Board Member of the IADL, Japan
  311. Oscar Alzaga, labor lawyer, ANAD Mexico, Mexico
  312. Pamela D.q González, Esq., Attorney at Law, VIEQUES, PR
  313. Patricia A Fox, Philippine Caucus for Peace, Kew
  314. Paul Alan Smith, Los Angeles, CA, USA
  315. Paul Kaufman, M.D., J.D., Broderick Law Group – of counsel, Atlanta, GA, USA
  316. Paul Tashnizi, Tashnizi Law Firm, Westlake Village, Ventura Co., California
  317. Peggy A. Wiesenberg, Access to Justice Fellow, Boston
  318. Pete Olson, Attorney, Clarksville, tn
  319. Peter A. Schey, Attorney at Law, Oak View, CA
  320. Peter Bohmer, Faculty in Political Economy, The Evergreen State College
  321. Peter Craig Martin, Seattle, USA
  322. Peter Cutty, philadelphia, pa
  323. Peter Dupont, Investigative journalist, Belgium
  324. Peter Murphy, Journalist, Sydney, Australia
  325. Philip D Althouse,, National Lawyers Guild International Committee, Elyria
  326. Prexy Nesbitt, Peace Studies program, Chapman University& Making the Road, orange, Calif
  327. Professor Bill Bowring, Birkbeck, University of London; Barrister of England and Wales, Colchester, England
  328. Quentin Boothman, Providence, Rhode Island
  329. Rachel Bentley, West Palm Beach
  330. Rafael Arutam Pandam Uvijindia, Presidente, Parlamento De Las Nacionalidades Indigenas De La Amazonia Ecuatoriana (PARNIAE.), Comunidad union Base/ Puyo, Pastaza-Ecuador.
  331. Raji Sourani, Director, Palestinian Centre for Human Rights, Gaza, Palestine
  332. Ralph Hurvitz, Lake Forest Park WA USA
  333. Raudilio Martin Sanchez, Asociación Americana de Juristas, Habana, Cuba
  334. Rebecca Freeman, Freeman and Freeman Law Firm, Sebastopol
  335. Rebecca Tsosie, Faculty Co-Chair of Indigenous Peoples Law and Policy Program, University of Arizona, Tucson Arizona USA
  336. Rev John Long, Presbyterian Minister, Buffalo
  337. Karen Harrison, Director, Canadian Buddhist Civil Liberties Association, Toronto, Canada
  338. Rex Weyler, Co-founder, Greenpeace International, Mansons Landing
  339. Rhodes Law Firm LLC, Rhodes Law Firm LLC, Cheyenne
  340. Ricco Ross, Los Angeles, CA United States
  341. Rich File, Rich File, University of New Mexico, Albuquerque
  342. Rich Kaudy
  343. Richard Falk, Professor of International Law, Emeritus, Princeton University, and Chair of Global Law, Faculty of Law, Queen Mary University London
  344. Richard Harvey, Barrister, London, England
  345. Richard Spoor, Senior Partner, Richard Spoor Incorporated Attorneys, Johannesburg, South Africa
  346. Richard Terry Koch, NLG SF Bay Area, chair Legislative Reform Committee, San Francisco, USA
  347. Riva Enteen, National Lawyers Guild, South Lake Tahoe
  348. Robert Schwartz, Boston MA
  349. Robert M. Moss, Sherman Oaks
  350. Robert Vinetz, MD, California, United States
  351. Robin Zephier, Rapid City
  352. Rosie Hinnebusch, Sarasota, Florida USA
  353. Ruth Santiago, Lawyer, Salinas Puerto Rico
  354. Sally Frank, Des Moines, IA, USA
  355. Samira Kaiser, Germany
  356. Sara Ageorlo, Toronto
  357. Sarah Leah Whitson, New York NY
  358. Sean Claggett, Las Vegas, USA
  359. Sebastian Harley, Esq, Astoria
  360. Serife Ceren Uysal, Progressive Lawyers Association (CHD), Turkey
  361. Shannon C. Wilhite, Attorney at Law, Humboldt County, USA
  362. Sheila McCoy, Los Angeles
  363. Sheru Abdulhusein, Toronto, Canada
  364. Shulamit Decktor, Seattle, USA
  365. Sima Atri, Human Rights Lawyer, Toronto, Canada
  366. Simon Kiefer, Santa Barbara
  367. Sofia Owen, Boston, MA US
  368. Stephen Keim, Barrister, Brisbane, Australia, Brisbane, Australia
  369. Steve McDonald, Canada
  370. Steven Goldberg, Portland USA
  371. Steven Meeks, LA Green Grounds, Dallas, TX USA
  372. Stuart Russell, Lawyer, Law Professor & Administrative Judge (retired); Monitoring Committee on Attacks on Lawyers, International Association of People’s Lawyers, Bordeaux, France
  373. Sunena Sabharwal, Attorney at Law, Certified Family Law Specialist, Berkeley, CA
  374. Susan Adelman, Santa Monica, California, USA
  375. Susan Kaplan, National Lawyers Guild, Chicago USA
  376. Suzanne Adely, National Lawyers Guild, New York, USA
  377. Suzanne Thurston, Citizen of the USA, Legal Resident of Ecuador, Quito, Ecuador
  378. Sylvain Garel, Europe Écologie Les Verts, Paris
  379. Sylvia Aroth, L.A., CA, USA
  380. Tarak Kauff, Veterans For Peace, Woodstock, NY
  381. Teresa C Luna, Los Angeles, California, USA
  382. Teresa Palacios, Guayaquil, Ecuador
  383. Than Soe, pro-democracy exile against military dictatorship in Burma/Myanmar, Toronto, Canada
  384. Thomas Schmidt, Secretary General of ELDH, European Association of Lawyers for Democracy and Human Rights, Düsseldorf, Germany
  385. Thomas Wang, Taipei, Taiwan
  386. Toby Zimbalist, Lawyer for injured workers, Phoenix, AZ, USA
  387. Trey Barnett, Atlanta, GA
  388. Troy Horton, Buckeye AZ USA
  389. Tyler Brenner Crawford, National Lawyers Guild, New York, New York
  390. Tyler Mastalerz, Columbus, OH
  391. Tyler Shum, University of California, Irvine School of Law, Irvine, USA
  392. Ūmit Būyūkdağ, Second President, Progressive Lawyers Association (CHD), Turkey
  393. Uwe Kekeritz, MP, Member of Parliament, German Bundestag, Berlin, Germany
  394. Vandana Whitney
  395. Vanessa Ramos, Asociación Americana de Juristas (AAJ), New York
  396. Vilko Zbogar, Zbogar Advocate PC, Toronto, Canada
  397. Vivienne Simon, JD, Northampton, MA
  398. Wendy Pettifer, UK Solicitor
  399. William Franke, Fayetteville, USA
  400. William K. Reilly, M.D., Los Angeles, U.S.A.
  401. Wythe W. Holt, Newport News, VA, USA
  402. Yolanda Rondon, New York
  403. Zach Denzer, Louisville
  404. Zach VeShancey, Washington, DC
  405. Zack Struver, New York, NY, United States
  406. Zeke Maggard, Esq., SGR, LLC, Denver, USA
  407. Zulma Miranda, Human Rights Attorney | Global Advisor at World Pulse, New York

NOTES:

[1] Michael Forst, “Stop the Killing,” Foreword, 2017 Front Line Defenders Report on Human Rights Defenders, https://www.frontlinedefenders.org/sites/default/files/stk_-_full_report.pdf.

[2] See James North, “How a Human Rights Lawyer Went From Hero to House Arrest,” The Nation, March 31, 2020, https://www.thenation.com/article/activism/steven-donziger-chevron/.

[3] Press Release, “Chevron Calls for Dismissal of Ecuador Lawsuit,” Chevron Corporation, October 8, 2007, https://www.chevron.com/stories/chevron-calls-for-dismissal-of-ecuador-lawsuit (stating that if Chevron’s demands for dismissal were not met, both sides would be “sentenced” to “a lifetime of appellate and collateral litigation.”).

[4] James North, “How a Human Rights Lawyer Went From Hero to House Arrest,” The Nation, March 31, 2020, https://www.thenation.com/article/activism/steven-donziger-chevron/ (“[Kaplan] lauded Chevron as ‘a company of considerable importance to our economy that employs thousands all over the world, that supplies a group of commodities—gasoline, heating oil, other fuels, and lubricants—on which every one of us depends every single day. I don’t think there is anybody in this courtroom who wants to pull his car into a gas station to fill up and finds that there isn’t any gas there.’”).

[5] Impartiality and independence of the judiciary are understood to safeguard the objectivity and fairness of judicial proceedings and are essential elements in a system governed by the rule of law. As to impartiality, the UN Human Rights Committee has stated that it “implies that judges must not harbor any preconceptions about the matter put before them, and that they must not act in ways that promote the interests of one of the parties.” Human Rights Committee, Communication No. 387/1989 (Karttunen v. Finland), UN Doc. CCPR/C/46/D/387/1989, para. 7.2.; see also Human Rights Committee, Communication No. 263/1987 (Gonzáles del Río v. Peru), CCPR/C/46/D/263/1987, para. 5.2. (where the UN Human Rights Committee stated that the two principles of independence and impartiality of judges form “an absolute right that may suffer no exception.”).

[6] Court-mandated financial disclosure forms show Judge Kaplan owned shares in three J.P. Morgan funds that have holdings in Chevron – investments that were never disclosed despite requests for his recusal for bias in favor of Chevron. See Press Release, “U.S. Judge Kaplan Held Investments in Chevron When He Ruled for Company in Ecuador Pollution Dispute,” Amazon Watch, October 29, 2014, https://amazonwatch.org/news/2014/1029-judge-kaplan-held-investments-in-chevron-when-he-ruled-for-company.

[7] See Michael D. Goldhaber, “The Global Lawyer: Chevron’s Ecuador Case Veers Off Script at Second Circuit,” The AMLaw Daily, September 19, 2011, https://amlawdaily.typepad.com/amlawdaily/2011/09/my-entry.html.

[8] See Sharon Lerner, “How the Environmental Lawyer Who Won a Massive Judgment Against Chevron Lost Everything,” The Intercept, January 29, 2020, https://theintercept.com/2020/01/29/chevron-ecuador-lawsuit-steven-donziger/, (citing a December 30, 2019 letter from Donziger’s counsel to Judge Preska stating that public records show a Seward law partner had ties to Chevron’s Board of Directors, in addition to at least one other Seward client currently receiving significant income from Chevron).

[9] Referee John R. Horan Report, In re Stephen R. Donziger, Supreme Court of the State of New York, Appellate Division, First Judicial Department, RP No. 2018.7008, February 24, 2020. Available at: https://www.courthousenews.com/wp-content/uploads/2020/02/Donziger-Report-02.24.20-complete.pdf.

[10] James North, “Ecuador’s Battle for Environmental Justice Against Chevron,” The Nation, June 2, 2015, https://www.thenation.com/article/archive/ecuadors-battle-environmental-justice-against-chevron/.

[11] Frontline Defenders Global Analysis 2019 Report on Human Rights Defenders, https://www.frontlinedefenders.org/sites/default/files/global_analysis_2019_web.pdf.

[12] Art. 14 (1) of the Covenant on Civil and Political Rights; Art. 10 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights; Art. 8, American Convention on Human Rights; Arts. 7 and 26 of the African Charter on Human Rights and Peoples’ Rights; Art. 6 of the European Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms.

[13] Report of the Special Rapporteur Param Cumaraswamy, Independence and Impartiality of the Judiciary, Jurors and Assessors and the Independence of Lawyers, UN Doc. E/CN.4/1995/39, para. 34.

[14]Judge Kaplan and Chevron continue to say that their actions against Donziger and the plaintiffs are justified by the findings against Donziger that the Ecuadorian judgment was procured by fraud. However, these are findings of a biased judge who did not credit the strong testimony by Donziger denying the allegations and were not changed even after Ecuadorian Judge Guerra, one of the most important witnesses to testify as to the alleged fraud or bribery, admitted under oath in a later arbitration proceeding Chevron brought against Ecuador that he had given false, sworn testimony in the RICO case against Donziger. See Eva Hershaw, “Chevron’s Star Witness Admits to Lying in the Amazon Pollution Case,” VICE News, October 26, 2015, https://www.vice.com/en_us/article/neye7z/chevrons-star-witness-admits-to-lying-in-the-amazon-pollution-case.

[15] See Jonathan Watts, “Nobel laureates condemn ‘judicial harassment’ of environmental lawyer,“ The Guardian, April 18, 2020, https://www.theguardian.com/world/2020/apr/18/nobel-laureates-condemn-judicial-harassment-of-environmental-lawyer (wherein 29 Nobel laureates urge the release of Steven Donziger and demand Chevron be held accountable for its destruction of the Ecuadorian Amazon).

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