The following oral statement was made to the UN Intergovernmental Working Group on the proposed treaty on transnational corporations and human rights by Julia Fernandes, MAB / Via Campesina / International Association of Democratic Lawyers:
We speak on behalf of International Association of Democratic Lawyers and MAB, a grassroots national organization from Brasil, struggling in defense of the rights of communities affected by dams and for a peoples energy project. MAB is part of the Via Campesina International.
In the name of profit, Transnational companies misappropriate natural resources, pollute the soil, water, food and air. The rights of affected people are not recognized, and their human rights are violated, legitimate people and organizations who dare to oppose them are criminalised. They use in many cases even the physical elimination of human rights defenders. Impunity for businesses and governments, leads to a naturalization of this process of violation of human rights. The binding treaty will be a tool for the struggles of the populations who defend their rights in different territories.
The affected people have many difficulties in accessing justice and remedies. For example, in Brazil, we have 2 laws such as the security mandate which guarantees that projects considered of national interest are not interrupted not even in case of investigation and proofs of human rights violations, which denies the primacy of human rights. Another difficulty is that the affected must prove their status of affected person and their losses, which is a reversal of the burden of proof, which demonstrates the need for a broad and inclusive definition of the concept of affected person. With the current coup government in Brazil, there are even greater difficulties of implementing policies in favor of those affected and ensure access to justice because there is a close relationship between private interests and the illegitimate government.
In this long process of building of our organizations, our guidelines, our resistance, we have accumulated several lessons and challenges These include:
– there is a clear policy and a pattern of violation of human rights committed by transnational corporations, in partnership and complicity with many governments and countries, that use similar mechanisms to consolidate their policies of accumulation. For example, the mining company Vale, violates labor, environmental and political rights in various parts of the world, and we need to judge them at international level to re-equilibrate the balance of power in favor of those affected.
– That the affected people need unitedly to participate in the whole process of construction and monitoring of the implementation of the Binding Treaty, they must decide on their lives and future generations.
– we need to monitor where the rights were recognized but not fulfilled by companies as is the case of the conditions in Belo Monte, Brazil, and Ecuador’s indigenous peoples affected by Chevron / Texaco.
– That the whole reparation process has to be seen and conceived globally, the victories in certain regions, have to be transformed into policies for other regions. And in this way prevent transnational companies taking advantages of loopholes in national and international legislations.
We want to affirm here that we will continue struggling,to defend our rights against the power and impunity of transnational corporations, and for the construction of a more just and sovereign society.